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What is Anal Fistula?

An anal fistula is an infected tunnel between the skin and the anus, the muscular opening at the end of the digestive tract. Most anal fistulas are the result of an infection in an anal gland that spreads to the skin. Just inside your anus are several glands that make fluid. Sometimes, they get blocked or clogged. When that happens, a bacteria buildup can create a swollen pocket of infected tissue and liquid. Clinically this is called as abscess, it comes under Practology department.

If you don’t treat this abscess, it’ll grow. Eventually, it’ll make its way to the outside and punch a hole in the skin somewhere near your anus so the gunk inside it can drain. It is the tunnel that connects the gland to that opening.

Few signs denote the presence of the fistula and are as follows:

  • Pain, Redness, Swelling around your anus

  • Fever and chills, Feeling tired and sick.

  • Discomfort while sitting

  • Prickling throughout the anal region

  • Pain while making bowel movements

  • Crack or hole of the fistula onto the skin

  • Crack or hole of the fistula onto the skin

Fistula, Eravio Clinics, Dr. Neeraj R. Gechode

Fistula Symptoms

Fistula Causes

There are several causes of the fistula:

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS): Prolonged diseases of the digestive system, produces pain in abdomen, diarrhea or constipation.

  • Diverticulitis: It is the condition where small sacks develop, swells and infect in the large intestine.

  • Ulcerative colitis: a closed condition that produces soreness or ulcers in the colon.

  • Crohn’s disease: Swelling of the lining of the digestive system

  • The growth of painful ulcers

  • Past medical complications

Diagnosis of fistula

If you have symptoms that suggest an anal fistula :


  • Fistula probe. A long, thin probe is guided through the outer opening of the fistula. A special dye may be injected to find out where the fistula opens up on the inside.

  • Anoscope. This is a special scope used to look inside your anal canal.

  • Imaging studies. These may include an ultrasound, which creates an image of the anal area using sound waves. Or they may include an MRI, which makes images of the area by using special magnets and a computer.

 Eravio Clinics, Dr. Neeraj R. Gechode
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Fistula Treatments

Doctors skillfully perform treatment to know the depth of fistula also decreases their signs. Type of therapy varies with location and extent of fistula. Kalptaru hospital provides laparoscopic and advanced laser treatments to manage the fistula:


At Eravio We offer Laser treatment of fistula :


We are using Lasotronix Laser to treat fistula. In this the probe is inserted into the fistula tract. The direct application of radiations done on the fistula tract to destroy it.

Fistula, Eravio Clinics, Dr. Neeraj R. Gechode
How Laser Works ?

Under LA/GA ,laser Energy is delivered, via radial fiber, into the anal fistula tract and to thermally ablate and close off the abnormal pathway. The laser energy induces destruction of the fistula epithelium and simultaneous obliteration of the remaining fistula tract by a shrinkage effect. The epithelialized tissue is being destroyed in a controlled way and the fistula tract collapses to a very high degree. This also supports and accelerates the healing process.

Pre-Surgery Instructions
  • Use lotion or creams

  • Do not employ power to perform a bowel activity

  • Eat healthy and proper diet which is high in fiber

  • Drink water and other fluids to regulate the stooling

Post-Surgery Instructions
  • Obey all instruction given by doctor and nurses

  • Carry out instructed exercises

  • Use Sitz bath after bowel discharge

  • Use soft tissues or wipes

  • Take fibrous diet and drink enough water

Why Eravio Clinic
  • Advance Diagnostic Tool

  • Most Advance Laser Therapy

  • Day Care Procedure

  • Expert Proctologist

  • Insurance Covered

  • EMI on treatment

  • Recovery in 1 – 3 Days

Fistula, Eravio Clinics, Dr. Neeraj R. Gechode
Fistula, Eravio Clinics, Dr. Neeraj R. Gechode
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