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What are Varicose Veins & How Do They Develop?



The human body is comparable to a machine and thus requires maintenance to keep running smoothly. As we age, our bodies may require assistance, and neglecting to provide it can lead to more significant problems, such as varicose veins.


These veins are often a dark purple or blue color and appear enlarged and swollen. Typically affecting the legs, they may appear bulged, twisted, and lumpy, and are more common in women. If left untreated, the pain can worsen overtime.


Symptoms of Varicose Veins:

  • Swelling in ankles and feet

  • Changes in the color of the lower leg and skin getting dry all the time

  • Cramping in the muscles of the legs

  • Uncomfortable feeling in the legs along with pain and heaviness

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, discussing them with your physician is recommended, as diagnosis may require further testing.


How do Varicose Veins develop?


Varicose veins are a common condition caused by damaged or weakened valves and veins. The valves inside veins direct blood flow towards the heart, and if these walls sustain damage, blood can either flow backward or pool in one area, causing the veins to become twisted and resulting in varicose veins.


Reasons to develop Varicose Veins

  • Females are more prone to develop varicose veins: Women are continuously going through many hormonal changes that sometimes make the wall of the veins relax leading to leaking in the walls and developing varicose veins.

  • Aging factor: Age is an important factor for many people suffering from varicose veins. As you grow older, the veins lose elasticity and the valves inside them slow down their functioning.

  • Pregnancy: When a woman is pregnant, the entire strain of the body falls on veins whilst the increased blood supply is navigated towards the development of the fetus. And as the baby grows, the pressure in the veins around the pelvic area increases, hence developing varicose veins.

  • Overweight: If you are overweight and obese, you are likely to develop varicose veins because your blood circulation gets restricted. Excess weight puts pressure on the valves causing them to leak.

  • Lifestyle: if your job requires standing or sitting for a long time, you are surely at risk of developing varicose veins.

In a nutshell, the condition of varicose veins is common today as every 3 out of 10 adults are at risk of developing it. Fortunately, various treatment plans are available depending on the severity of the condition and experienced healthcare professionals can provide effective treatment.


In summary, varicose veins are a common condition, but seeking medical attention early can prevent them from becoming more serious.


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